The British Conservative Government’s Political Elite, and Post WWII Co-operation with Europe: Crisis of Confidence in British Politics, and the 2016 Referendum on Disrupting the Status quo!

The British Conservative Government’s Political Elite, and Post WWII Co-operation with Europe: Crisis of Confidence in British Politics, and the 2016 Referendum on Disrupting the Status quo!

Consequently, London wanted to reduce various pressures on its economy, which were stemmed from the European Union, and this meant in 2015-16 renegotiating the European Union’s in Britain’s view out of date, rules, and regulations. In addition to this Britain  had difficulty, and disagreement with the European Union  over the budget payment, since  the UK, viewed the issue was tightly related to the European Union Commission.4 Now, the British Conservative Government’s political  elite, in order to subside the Party grass-root’s disillusionment, and maintain British economic interests, made an election promise. ‘Should the Conservative Party win the election of 2016, the issue of EU membership will be put into a referendum’.  Therefore, Brexit was a purely domestic political issue, and not a reality that the Conservative were hoping for.  Since they, themselves, as this article has showed were the original innovator of co-operation with Europe to maintain British economic interests.

As was mentioned  above  in  this article new developments  m  Europe,  and  further beyond forced  Britain  to seek  new  deals in  the European Union,5     which led to the gamble of referendum on 23rd June, 2016. Herman Van Rompuy, the ex-European Union chief on June 2012 submitted a report to the European Union Council, which was directly connected to financial integration of the European Union. In other words, there was a suggestion in that report, that there should be a unified banking system in the European Union, and consequently a monitoring mechanism in a centralised banking system in the European Union should evolve. The detail of the report caused great concern for the United Kingdom. Since the United Kingdom did not wish to going in any form of a unified financial system let alone the EU’s banking system. Britain always prides itself in its independence in banking system of the City of London. One of the main financial capitals of the world. Britain felt she was being put in a comer. Britain was against a centralised banking and financial system.6 Britain’s position was that, she was not part of Euro-zone, and therefore, the matter should not concern her.

Thus, the British Conservative government’s political elite deemed expedient to head the issue for a referendum under a “British Exit” form the European Union, which  eventually took place on June 23rd, 2016.

 

Conclusion:

Therefore, it could be said that Winston Churchill, the Conservative political elite of the WWII, and the Prime Minister of the then, war time coalition government talked of a united Europe after the War, which became one of the pillars of British foreign policy. Meaning from the British point of view, industrial, financial and economic co-operation. Now, at the first half of the twenty first century things have come to ahead. Over the most important issue, i.e. money. This means banking, arid financial policies, in conflict between the United Kingdom, and the rest of the Union, specially, the Euro-zone. This led   to dissatisfaction among some quarters of the Conservative Party. To quash this dissolution among certain parts of the Conservative Party, which led to the creation of UKIP, the Government of the Conservative Prime Minister, David Cameron, decided to put the matter to a referendum. In other words, national interests, over domestic politics became a bargaining chip.

 

Notes:
1. M. BELOFF, The Future of British Foreign Policy. (London: Secker and Warburg, 1969), p. 110.
2. R.RHODES- JAMES (ed.), op. cit. pp. 914-915.
3. M.Camps, Britain, and the European Union, (California University, Berkeley, 2015), p. 72.
4. Britain, Europe, and the City of London. Can the Triangle be Managed? Centre for European Reform. P. Whyte, cer.eu.
5. J.A. Usher, European Union: Structure, Enlargement, and Economic Union, (London: Longman, 2013). p. 174-176
6. Ibid.

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